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Toolkit for Helping Youth

Empathy Questionnaire 

Boundary Chart

You are here because you are caring for a young person who is under the influence of psychological manipulation (PM) and coercive control (CC), or you are worried about a youth coming under the influence. These are complicated issues, and it is difficult to identify and grapple with their effects. Seeing a young person slip away is heartbreaking, and it is often hard to know what to do. This toolkit is designed to help you understand and navigate PM and CC and give you ways to reconnect with and support youth. This toolkit covers identifying, countering and prevention.

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Section Guide 

Section 1 - Defining PM and CC: A quick primer on the definitions of PM and CC.

Section 2 - Identifying Common Signs: Explore the common signs and red flags of PM and CC. 

Section 3 - Stages of Involvement: Understand the stages of involvement in a manipulative situation.

Section 4 - Reasons for Exit: Understand various reasons for exit from a manipulative group, relationship or situation.


Section 5 - Pathways to Recruitment: Understand the pathways to recruitment into various manipulative groups and relationships.


Section 6 - Understanding Motivations & Getting to Empathy: Gain insights into motivations for involvement in manipulative situations.

Section 7 - Developing a Realistic Plan: Work towards your needs and goals by planning your approach. 


Section 8 - Boundaries & Self-Care: Caring for yourself during the process.


Section 9 - Creating a Connection: How to approach youth in an open, caring manner.

Section 10 - Countering PM and CC: A comprehensive toolkit of intervention strategies tailored to various stages of manipulation.

Section 11 - Prevention: Explore ideas related to prevention, including building connection and exploring community, connection and purpose.


Section 12 - Recovery: A note on recovery.

Section 13 - Violent Extremism: Notes on engaging with violent extremism.

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